Under Scott, the Discovery expedition, (1901-1904), covered 3100 miles with
sledge teams and carried out a significant science program. He set the record
for furthest south, (82 degrees), with Shackleton and Wilson. His second,
Terra Nova, expedition, (1910-1912), was run on strict navy lines like the
first. Scott and four others reached the South Pole on 17 January, 1912 to find
that Amundsen had been there a month prior. He was an intelligent and restless
man given to self-doubt and vacillation. Scott and all of his party perished
on the return journey. Their heroism and Scott's moving diaries ultimately
created a legend that overshadowed Amundsen's achievement, while masking
Scott's short-comings.